Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder that occurs when a person’s breathing is interrupted during sleep. People with untreated sleep apnea stop breathing repeatedly during their sleep.

This means the brain and the rest of the body are not get enough oxygen.  There are two types of sleep apnea:

  Obstuctive Sleep Apnea (OSA): This is the more common of the two apnea, it is caused by a blockage of the airway, usually when the soft tissue in the back of the throat collapses during sleep.
  Central Sleep Apnea : This form of sleep apnea does not block the airway, but the brain fails to signal the muscles to breathe, due to instability in the respiratory control center.

Are  you  at  Risk for Sleep Apnea?

Sleep apnea can affect anyone at any age, even children. Risk factors for sleep apnea include:

  • Being male
  • Being overweight
  • Being over age 40
  • Having a large neck size (17 inches or greater in men and 16 inches or greater in women)
  • Having large tonsils, a large tongue, or a small jaw bone
  • Having a family history of sleep apnea
  • Gastroesophageal reflux, or GERD
  • Nasal obstruction due to a deviated septum, allergies, or sinus problems

 

What Are the Effects of Sleep Apnea?

If left untreated, sleep apnea can result in a growing number of health problems, including:

  • High blood pressure
  • Stroke
  • Heart failure, irregular heart beats, and heart attacks
  • Diabetes
  • Depression
  • Worsening of ADHD
  • Headaches

In addition, untreated sleep apnea may be responsible for poor performance in everyday activities, such as at work and school, motor vehicle crashes, and academic underachievement in children and adolescents. If you would like to learn more please call our offices at Advanced Lisle Dental at (630)271-9999.

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